The agriculture structure in Zimbabwe changed radically over the past 20 years. Today, the small-scale farmers living in communal areas represent the main part of the Zimbabwean producers and they need adapted technical expertise and support from the research and the extension services of the Ministry of Agriculture, Mechanization and Irrigation Management (MAMID).
The MAMID, through its various departments, assigns extension workers in communal areas, who remain in constant contact with the farmers. These extension workers advise the farmers and promote the good agricultural practices encouraged by departments of the Ministry of Agriculture, Mechanisation and Irrigation Development. However, this link is mainly “top down” and there is often a gap between technical propositions and farmers’ needs. Oftentimes the techniques proposed by the researchers and the extension workers are neither not relevant nor matching their needs.